PAPELES DEL PSICÓLOGO Vol. 40-1 Enero - Abril 2019

A r t i c l e s Papeles del Psicólogo / Psychologist Papers, 2019. Vol. 40(1), pp. 74-80 74 erebral hemispheres are a complex of constantly interacting central elements of afferent systems, particularly manifested in intermodal interaction. Despite the long history of studying inter-analyzer interaction (IAI) in psychological literature, there is still no generally accepted definition of this phenomenon. The concept of IAI is either replaced by specific but not synonymous terms (intermodal phenomena, polymodal effects, supramodal or crossmodal (cross-referential) re- encryptions (interactions, syntheses, transfers), or just its invisible presence in the experiment is ascertained, with no working definition or understandable criteria for its evaluation. In neurophysiological studies, there is a more particular view on interconnections in the sensory sphere, researched from two mutually non-exclusive points of view. On the one hand, IAI is understood as a change in the sensitivity of one analyzer system due to the arousal of another. However, intermodal connections are not limited to the influence of stimulation of some sensory systems on the state of others. Another form of interaction between sensory organs is their joint work, the result of which is the emergence of a whole new and more complex sensory function that cannot be implemented by any of the sensory systems participating in this joint activity taken separately. An example of such intermodal interaction is binocular vision: only the synthesis of visual and proprioceptive information from the oculomotor system makes it possible to evaluate the remoteness of the presented object (Feigenberg, 1975). In everyday life, the manifestations of intermodal interaction are synesthesia and dreams. Soviet neuropsychology described one of these cases: it was a famous mnemonist S.V. Shereshevsky, who perceived the voices addressed to him painted in various colors (Luriya, 1968). There are other phenomena related to the field of joint work of sensory systems that require the participation of higher mental processes for their implementation - these are illusions associated with changes in perception in one modality depending on the ideas received through another analyzer (for example, the Charpentier illusion 1 (1891)). Another COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE RUSSIAN PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES AS A HISTORICAL FOUNDATION FOR MODERN EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF INTER-ANALYZER INTERACTION Kovyazina M.S. 1,2 and Fomina K.A. 1 1 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Psychology. 2 Research Center of Neurology, Department of Neurorehabilitation and Physiotherapy A comparative analysis of the physiological and psychological approaches to the study of inter-analyzer interaction has been carried out in the given article. Their general view on the biological meaning of inter-sensory relationships is underlined, as well as the difference between their indicators to assess the state of intermodal relationships. It is emphasized that the importance of the interaction of analyzer systems is usually stressed in psychological work, yet, the concept of inter-analyzer interaction is not usually operationalized. The authors propose a working definition of the inter-analyzer interaction and justify the adequacy of using Uznadze’s methodology for forming a fixed set as a tool for assessing the state of inter-sensory links. Key words: Clinical psychology, Inter-analyzer interaction, Methodology of fixed set, Perception. Un análisis comparativo de los enfoques fisiológicos y psicológicos para el estudio de la interacción Inter-analizador se ha llevado a cabo en el artículo. Se destaca su visión general sobre el significado biológico de las relaciones intersensoriales, así como la diferencia entre sus indicadores para evaluar el estado de las relaciones intermodales. Se hace hincapié en que la importancia de la interacción de los sistemas de análisis se suele destacar en el trabajo psicológico, sin embargo, el concepto de interacción Inter-analizador no suele ser operativo. Los autores proponen una definición de trabajo del interacción Inter-analizador y justifican la conveniencia de utilizar la metodología de Uznadze para formar un conjunto fijo como herramienta para evaluar el estado de los enlaces Inter- sensoriales. Palabras clave: Psicología clínica, Interacción Inter-analizador, Metodología de conjunto fijo, Percepción. C Received: 27 June 2018 - Accepted: 4 December 2018 Correspondence: Kovyazina M.S. Professor of Department of neuropsychology and abnormal psychology. Faculty of Psycholo- gy by Lomonosov Moscow State University. corresponding mem- ber of the Russian Academy of Education. Moscow, Russian Federation, Mytischi, Beloborodova street, 11-2-145, 141006. E-mail: